Unwanted: Deportation of Immigrants
Did it ever occur to you that your ancestor may not have left Denmark voluntarily? Many Germans and Swedes immigrated to Denmark, but some of them were deported. Instead of going back to their homeland, some continued their quest for a better future by going to the United States or Canada after being deported from Denmark.
Time for School: Enrollment Records
Various kinds of school records were made by Danish schools over the years. Apart from journals and exam records, you may find enrollment records and teacher memoirs. In this post I show an example of an enrollment record and I also touch upon where you can find the records.
School Records: Attendance and Absence
The last two days I have shown examples of Danish school records showing grading of the pupils. Teachers also had to record the absence and attendance of each pupil from 1814, because going to school was mandatory in Denmark. In this post I give an example of an attendance and absence record and an example from a book of pupils.
Reading and Writing Skills of Your Danish Ancestors
Exam records from many Danish elementary schools have been digitized. They were kept biannually, so you can use them to follow the progress of your ancestor's skills. In this post I give an example of an exam record.
Quarterly and Annual Grades in Danish School Records
Many school records have been kept and they are gradually being digitized. In this post I describe the Danish grading system over time and show an example of a grade book listing quarterly and annual grades for each pupil at a Danish secondary school.
Pauper Ancestors: Reasons for Poverty and Amount of Support Received
In 1803 new laws about poor funds were passed in Denmark. Per the law about paupers in rural areas of Denmark, each parish minister had to record many details about the paupers in his district. The support was granted after evaluations at quarterly meetings in the pauper commission, so you can follow the development of your poor ancestor's situation in these records.
Overpræsidiet: Paternity, Adoption and Other Family Law Cases in Copenhagen
The Copenhagen Overpræsidium was the top government level for Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark. It is sometimes simply referred to as Overpræsidiet. The function of the head of Overpræsidiet resembled that of the senior county officials in the rest of Denmark. Overpræsidiet handled many family law cases. The entry to these cases are journals. In this post I list the case types found in the different journals from Overpræsidiet.
Nygaard's Index Cards: Biographical Information about Inhabitants of Jutland
Hjalmar Sigvard Alexander Nygaard was an archivist at the Regional Archive in Viborg. While he was there, he created index cards for inhabitants of Jutland who had special names, encountered by Nygaard in church records, census records, cadasters, applications for government offices etc. The file contains about 425000 index cards and they have all been indexed.
Memberships of Occupational Associations
Masters of various trades and crafts have formed membership associations for centuries. If your ancestor was a craftsman, he was most likely a member of an association for his craft. In the late 1800s, membership of gymnastics associations became increasingly popular, at least in the cities. Membership records can reveal more details about your ancestor.
Letters: The Wrong Alleged Father of an Illegitimate Child
One of the tasks of Danish authorities such as the hundred bailiff and the senior county official was to foresee that the law was followed, so you can find many cases resulting in fines or even imprisonment in their holdings. In this post I give an example of an unwed mother who risked four days in prison for stating a wrong name when asked who the father of her illegitimate child was.
Kommuner: Danish Local Government - Children's Homes and Poor Funds
Danish local government in the form of municipalities have administered poor funds since 1842. The kinds of kept records differ from place to place. Today I will give an example of a boy who was placed at a children's home at age 7 and stayed there until he had turned 14.
Journals by Danish Authorities: Paternity Cases
Denmark has always had a large public administration, so the authorities were involved in many types of cases. To keep track of the documentation, each authority kept a journal of meetings and letters for each case. In this post I will show an example of a journal entry for a paternity case.