Saturday evening on 17 February 1906, glassmakers and grinders of the Funen Glassworks in Odense, Denmark, formed a union. The management of the factory reacted promptly. When the workers returned to work on Monday morning, they were told that anyone who was a member of a union and remained a member, had to leave immediately. Some left.1 My great-great-grandfather Jacob Andersson Söderlund may have been one of the men who left. My last trace of him is from the census taken on 1 February 1906, when he was a sixty-year-old laborer at the glassworks in Odense.2
Jacob's son-in-law, my great-grandfather Maximilian Kottal was another glassworker in Odense. Maximilian and his family moved from Odense to the suburb Dalum in July 1907.3
Rudolf Lambert Söderlund, Jacob's son, was a glassmaker journeyman in Aarhus in February 1906.4 Rudolf immigrated to Canada in March 1906; he was going to join his friend Robert Jørgensen in Montreal.5 In November 1917, Rudolf listed his sister Maria "Nattal" [Anna Maria (Söderlund) Kottal] of Odense, Denmark, as his next-of-kin on his WWI draft card,6 so their father Jacob may have died by then - which would not be surprising considering his age.
Another son of Jacob, Otto Anselm Söderlund was deported from Denmark in 1910.7 The law used to deport him was the Aliens Act, which enabled the police to deport foreigners who caused public disturbance or who were unemployed. The reason behind Otto's deportation is undetermined, but in October 1909 he was involved in a peculiar case, which may have played a role in his deportation. A German man was arrested under suspicion of murder, and he held personal papers of three men upon his arrest; one of the documents was Otto's residency booklet (opholdsbog).8 Otto returned to Finland where he was born and died there in a prison camp in 1918 during the civil war.9
I am curious about several pieces of information:
- Where was Jacob after 1906, and when and where did he die?
- Are there any existing photographs of any of Jacob's siblings?
- Is there an existing photograph of Rudolf, maybe one taken in Canada?
- Was Otto photographed when he was arrested and deported, and if so, does the photo still exist?
I am curious because I want to determine whether Jacob Andersson Söderlund is the mystery man in the photo I once thought was my great-great-grandfather Maximilian Kottal. The hunt for answers continues!
Are you trying to unravel a mystery about one of your ancestors? Let me know in the comments below!
- "Lock=Out paa Fyns Galsværk," article, Demokraten (Aarhus, Denmark), 21 February 1906, p. 1, col. 6; image copy, The Royal Danish Library, Mediestream (http://hdl.handle.net/109.3.1/uuid:9573f140-dcb3-47ed-823a-ade359a2d254 : accessed 29 January 2022).
- 1906 Census of Denmark, Odense Market Town, population schedule 335 (Lille Glasvej 4), front building, 1st floor, boarder Jakob Søderlund; image copy, The Danish National Archives, Arkivalieronline (https://www.sa.dk/ao-soegesider/da/billedviser?bsid=12400#12400,397121 : accessed 29 January 2022).
- Maximilian Kottal residency booklet, issued 29 June 1901 by the Odense Police; photocopy privately held by Lene Dræby Kottal, Odense, Denmark. The booklet was passed to her son Erik Kottal (1908-1972) to his widow Marie Kathrine Beierholm (1914-2002), who held the certificate when the photocopy was made about 1999 by Lene Dræby Kottal.
- 1906 Census of Denmark, Aarhus Market Town, populations schedule 3142 (Godthaabsgade 39), front building, 2nd floor on the left, lodger Rudolf Lambert Søderlund; image copy, The Danish National Archives, Arkivalieronline (https://www.sa.dk/ao-soegesider/da/billedviser?bsid=13738#13738,473066 : accessed 29 January 2022).
- "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C9PR-RXL1 : accessed 29 January 2022), Rudolf Sóderlund, age 19, arrived 21 March 1906 on the Oscar II from Copenhagen; citing NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237, roll 678, vol. 1483-1485, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.
- "WWI Canadian Soldiers," database with images, Ancestry, Fold3 (https://www.fold3.com/image/665693471 : accessed 29 January 2022),Rudolf Lambert Soderlund, born 29 September 1886 in Finland.
- "Udviste af Landet med Tilhold i H. t. Lov af 15. Maj 1875" [Deported from the country with no right to return in accordance with law dated 15 May 1875], Politiefterretninger 41 (9 April 1910): 2nd unnumbered page, col. 1, listing for Otto Anselm Søderlund; image copy, Københavns Stadsarkiv (http://hdl.handle.net/109.3.1/uuid:f84d20d8-d760-4030-90e3-c455d498f153 : accessed 29 January 2022).
- "Morderne spørger," article, Fyns Social-Demokrat (Odense, Denmark), 23 October 1909, p. 2, col. 2; image copy, The Royal Danish Library, Mediestream (http://hdl.handle.net/109.3.1/uuid:f84d20d8-d760-4030-90e3-c455d498f153 : accessed 29 January 2022).
- "War victims in Finland 1914-22," database, the National Archives of Finland (https://sotasurmat.narc.fi/en/victims/page/p_29963/table : accessed 6 January 2023), entry for Otto Anshelm Söderlund, born 1883, died 1918; citing unspecified record in parish listings of the dead and the buried between 1914-1922 (SRK), unspecified Social Democratic Party record (SDP), and unspecified record in the 1918 war prisoner archive (VL).